American Architectural History - Early Settlement


Early Settlement - Residential

Wanton-Lyman-Hazard House

Newport, RI

1697

The residential Wanton-Lyman-Hazard House was an Early Settlement style residence that exemplified these characteristics:

  • saltbox/New England colonial elements

  • steep roof

  • small windows & panes

  • central chimney

  • situated on a small plot of land in a dense urban fabric

Homes of this era were based on English precedents but tailored to materials available in America. They were also built to sustain the New England climate.

 

Large fireplaces served as the center of family life, exemplifying the idea of "home and hearth".

 

Early Settlement - Religious

Quaker meeting House

Newport, RI

1699

 
 

The religious Early Settlement style exemplified in the Quaker Meeting House featured these characteristics:

  • steep roof

  • diamond pane casement windows

  • exposed interior beam structure

  • interior shutters, to be raised to open divided spaces

A basic square plan with a light cupola was the meeting house's original 1699 design.

The current meeting house (pictured above) has been restored to it's 1699 exterior.

In 1720, the meeting house expanded in a linear direction.

The 1880 model shows more linear expansion, as the meeting house was now referred to as the "Wreck / Rec Hall".